Elie Nadelman was born in Poland and studied in Warsaw and Munich
before moving to Paris in the early part of the twentieth century.
Initially influenced by art nouveau trends, classical sculpture,
and the work of Rodin, by about 1910 Nadelman became committed
to the tenets of abstractionism. He wrote, "I employ no
other line than the curve, which possesses freshness and force.
I compose these curves so as to bring them in accord or opposition
to one another. In that way I obtain the life of form, i.e. harmony."
He exhibited at the Armory Show in 1913, moved to New York in
1914, and had a show at Stieglitz's "291" gallery in
1915. Although Nadelman was a pioneer in the development modern
sculpture, by the time of his death in 1946 he had become relatively
little known. Retrospective exhibitions at the Museum of Modern
Art (1948) and the Whitney Museum (2003) greatly enhanced his
reputation as one of the most important artists of the twentieth
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